Painting by Joshua Johnson, early African American portrait artist
Exerts from LECTURE and VIDEOS...
(Introduction:) COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE YOUNG REPUBLIC
FROM YOUR TEXT BOOK:
When John Hawkins returned to England in 1562 with several hundred slaves captured in a buccaneering raid on the Spanish Main, Queen Elizabeth pronounced the deed 'detestable' and predicted that it would 'call down vengeance from heaven upon the undertakers of it.' But the when the profits which such ventures would bring were pointed out, she demurred in future opposition. Nonetheless, the English were of no significance in the Atlantic slave trade until almost a century later.
Slavery was crucial to the formation the of African-American identity, as well as the American identity.... Shaping the lives of white and black Americans, and providing the context in which the nation's economy, political and society context was developed... You have to understand, that in the midst of this economy driven depraved system of buy and selling human beings, American material culture was being born...